Hepatitis C is a liver disease triggered by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can induce both chronic and acute hepatitis, ranging in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a serious, ongoing illness.
The hepatitis C virus is a bloodborne virus and the most common modes of infection are through exposure to small quantities of blood. This may happen through injection drug use, unsafe injection practices, unsafe health care, and the transfusion of unscreened blood and blood products.
All over the world, an estimated 71 million people have chronic hepatitis C infection.
A substantial number of those who are chronically affected will acquire cirrhosis or liver cancer.
Approximately 399 000 people die yearly from hepatitis C, mainly from cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma.
Antiviral remedies can cure in excess of 95% of persons with hepatitis C infection, in doing so reducing the chance of death from liver cancer and cirrhosis, but availability to diagnosis and treatment is low.
There is currently no vaccine for hepatitis C; however research in this field is continuous.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) causes both chronic and acute infection. Acute HCV infection is often asymptomatic, and is only very hardly ever (if ever) linked to life-threatening disease. About 15-- 45% of infected persons spontaneously clear the virus within 6 months of infection with no treatment.
The remaining 60-- 80% of persons will acquire chronic HCV infection. Of those with chronic HCV infection, the risk of cirrhosis of the liver is between check here 15-- 30% within 20 years.
Your liver is your biggest internal organ and your body's workhorse. Among its many jobs are converting food into fuel, processing fat from your blood, clearing harmful toxins, and making proteins that help your blood clot. This hard-working, supersized organ is susceptible to an often hard-to-diagnose and dangerous ailment called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, or NAFLD.
Liver disease - Fatty Liver.
NAFLD is defined as the presence of fat in more than 5% of liver cells. It is the most commonplace liver disease and affects up to 25% of American adults, 60% of whom are men.
The disease raises your risk of heart disease and left untreated, NAFLD also can bring about an inflamed liver, a condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).
As many as 40% of people with NAFLD develop NASH. NASH can cause scarring of the liver; severe scarring, called cirrhosis, increases your risk of liver cancer.
A growing problem.
Although drinking excessive alcohol can cause fat build-up in the liver, NAFLD affects people who consume little or no alcohol.
Instead, the main cause is excess weight-- which causes extra fat to get stored in the liver-- and is linked with dyslipidemia (abnormally high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL levels, or both), high blood pressure, and diabetes.
Fatty Liver & Obesity
As the number of overweight people has increased, so too has the prevalence of NAFLD. "Much of more info this can be attributed to a regular diet of more refined foods and significant amounts of carbohydrates, along with more sedentary lifestyles," says Dr. Kathleen Corey, director of the Fatty Liver Disease Clinic at Harvard-affiliated Massachusetts General Hospital. However, she adds that some people with fatty livers have none of these risk variables, which reveals that genes check here can play a critical role.
Creating healthy eating habits isn't as complex or as limiting as some people imagine. The essential steps are to eat mostly foods derived from plants-- vegetables, fruits, whole grains and legumes (beans, peas, lentils)-- and limit highly processed foods. Start on your healthy diet by following the links in this article.